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2004 March Report of the Auditor General of Canada

March 2004 Report—Chapter 3

Exhibit 3.1—Principal organizations involved in national security program delivery, at the time of our audit*


Program delivery

National Defence

  • Canadian Forces
  • provides defence of country
  • deployed overseas to advance and protect Canadian values and interests
  • responsible for JTF2, a high-readiness counter-terrorism unit that rescues hostages or undertakes other action required in response to a terrorist incident
  • maintains a chemical-biological-nuclear company to respond to attacks against Canada
  • Communications Security Establishment
  • collects and analyzes foreign signal intelligence
  • helps ensure the federal government's own telecommunications are secure
  • Office of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Emergency Preparedness
  • provides national leadership to protect Canada's physical and cyber infrastructure against threats (natural disaster or purposeful attack)
  • ensures civil emergency preparedness

Solicitor General Canada

  • oversees public safety and provides policy direction to its agencies
  • responsible for the National Counter-Terrorism Plan, which outlines roles and responsibilities for managing terrorist incidents
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police
  • enforces federal laws as Canada's national police service
  • provides contract policing to most provinces, the three northern territories, many municipalities, and First Nations communities
  • provides forensic services and criminal intelligence to Canadian and foreign police
  • responsible for primary investigation of criminal offences related to terrorism and espionage
  • protects Governor General, Prime Minister, and visiting foreign dignitaries
  • provides on-board security on selected civil airline flights
  • Canadian Security Intelligence Service
  • investigates, analyzes, and advises government departments and agencies on potential threats to Canada's national security
  • investigates political violence and terrorism, espionage and sabotage, and foreign-influenced activities detrimental to Canadian national interests, such as interference with ethnic communities in Canada
  • provides security assessments for all federal government personnel requiring a security clearance (except the RCMP); transportation workers; and immigration, citizenship, and refugee applicants

Foreign Affairs and International Trade

  • manages day-to-day conduct of relations with foreign states and peoples
  • protects Canadians and Canadian government facilities abroad
  • handles terrorism incidents abroad involving Canadians
  • manages such issues as the expulsion of foreign diplomats from Canada for security reasons
  • through its Security and Intelligence Bureau provides Minister with foreign intelligence to support policy and operational decisions and advises Minister on intelligence activities

Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada

  • receives, collects, and analyzes transaction reports, provided by financial institutions, financial intermediaries, the Canada Customs and Revenue Agency, and others
  • discloses relevant information to law enforcement agencies, where appropriate
  • Anti-terrorism Act required disclosure of information to CSIS where there are reasonable grounds to suspect it is relevant to a threat to the security of Canada

Citizenship and Immigration Canada

  • ensures immigrants and visitors do not represent a risk
  • deals with people-smuggling, organized crime, terrorism, war crimes, and crimes against humanity
  • protects Canada as a border security agency

Canada Customs and Revenue Agency

  • enforces border, tax, and trade laws and regulations
  • protects Canada as a border security agency
  • responsible for helping fulfill Canada's obligation regarding illegal export of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons or compounds

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

  • delivers all federal food inspection, animal health, and plant protection measures
  • protects Canada as a border security agency
  • responds to biological outbreaks of pests and diseases in plants and animals

Transport Canada

  • sets and enforces security standards for air, land, and water transportation systems
  • evaluates information from the security and intelligence community
  • directs the transportation industry to take appropriate action to deal with threats
  • assists emergency response personnel in handling dangerous goods emergencies
  • responsible for overall transportation security policy and regulations but relies on others, including marine and airport authorities, to ensure transportation system is secure

Canadian Air Transport Security Authority

  • screens air transport passengers and their belongings prior to boarding
  • screens checked baggage
  • provides on-board security for selected flights under a contract with the RCMP
  • provides federal financial support to local airport operators for airport policing related to aviation security

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

  • Canadian Coast Guard
  • conducts dual-use maritime surveillance to enforce fishing regulations and to support other security operations
  • provides control of vessel traffic
  • Health Canada
  • operates Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, which co-ordinates public health security in Canada
  • lead department on bio-terrorism, develops and maintains emergency response plans
  • manages the Global Public Health Intelligence Network, which identifies disease outbreaks around the world
  • manages the National Emergency Services Stockpile system, which includes pharmaceuticals necessary to treat people exposed to biological agents
  • maintains equipment and supplies for 165 "field hospitals" with 200 beds each
  • operates the National Microbiology Lab, Canada's first Level 4 lab
  • lead department for the Federal Nuclear Emergency Plan

Natural Resources Canada

  • regulates the security of energy pipelines through the National Energy Board, and explosives, nuclear energy, and materials through the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
  • complies with its security regime for nuclear facilities and other nuclear activities including armed response at power stations against penetration


*On 12 December 2003, the Prime Minister announced significant changes to these organizations (see paragraph 3.12).

Source: The Canadian Security and Intelligence Community, Government of Canada, 2001, and other information from departments and agencies.