Exhibit 3.2—Governments have been concerned with the need to adapt to climate change since the early 1990s—text version

2010 Fall Report of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development

Fall 2010 Report—Chapter 3

Exhibit 3.2—Governments have been concerned with the need to adapt to climate change since the early 1990s

Date International commitments and reports Domestic plans, actions, and reports

2009

The Copenhagen Accord commits Canada and other developed countries to providing adequate, predictable, and sustainable financial resources, technology, and capacity building to support adaptation in developing countries.

 

2008

 

  • A Government of Canada adaptation policy framework was to be in place by the end of 2008.
  • Release of two federal reports: From Impacts to Adaptation, Canada in a Changing Climate 2007; and Human Health in a Changing Climate: A Canadian Assessment of Vulnerabilities and Adaptive Capacity.

2007

One objective of the Bali Action Plan is to enhance action on adaptation, including international cooperation on urgent actions, risk management and reduction, disaster reduction, and economic diversification to build resilience.

The federal $1.9 billion Clean Air Agenda allocates $85.9 million to adaptation over four years.

2005

The Nairobi Work Programme on Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change (2005–2010) is established.

  • Project Green: Moving Forward on Climate Change calls for adaptation strategies to minimize the risks to quality of life.
  • The National Climate Change Adaptation Framework is developed by a federal/provincial/territorial working group but not adopted as federal policy, and no official follow-up has been made.

2004

The Buenos Aires Programme of Work on Adaptation and Response Measures supports building institutional capacity for preventing, planning and preparing for, and managing disasters related to climate change, in particular for droughts, floods, and extreme weather.

 

2002

 

  • The Climate Change Plan for Canada notes that impacts of climate change are already being felt and proposes that collaboration among governments, academics, and the private sector on adaptation continue.
  • Canada ratifies the Kyoto Protocol, which is in effect until 2012.

2000

 

Government of Canada Action Plan 2000 on Climate Change notes the need to improve understanding of the impacts of climate change and ways to adapt.

1998

 

The Canada Country Study: Climate Impacts and Adaptation is the first national assessment on climate impacts and adaptation.

1997

The Kyoto Protocol under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is adopted, requiring all parties to formulate, implement, publish, and regularly update national and regional programs containing measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to climate change.

 

1992

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is adopted, requiring that all parties develop national and regional programs to facilitate adequate adaptation to climate change.

Canada signs and ratifies the UNFCCC.

1990

The First Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change includes a volume on Impacts Assessment of Climate Change, and Response Strategies. Reports are later released in 1995, 2001, and 2007.

 

 

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